Corns And Calluses Treatments
Although many people consider calluses to be a simple skin problem, it is actually an indicator of bone problems. People with corn or calluses problems are advised to consult with their foot doctor or podiatrist for calluses treatments!
What is a callus?
A callus is a yellowish or pale section of skin that has become toughened and thick because of friction, pressure, or irritation. Calluses feel lumpy on touching. When the skin is harden and thick, they become less sensitive to touch.
Calluses occur on the feet, hands, and any other part of the skin where friction is present. It is more common to develop calluses at the bottom of the feet (the sole).
In the foot, calluses are typically seen on the heels, balls of the feet, and on the outer side of the big toe. Calluses have their own nerves and sacks of fluid that act as cushioning, which can cause pain over time.
What is a corn?
Corns are small calluses that usually occur on the feet and on or between toes in weight-bearing areas. When a callus develops a mass of dead cells in its center (keratinocytes), it becomes a corn (heloma). Corns are white or yellow thick layers of dead skin cells that may feel bumpy and rough. Corns are shaped like cones and are usually found along toe bones where the tip of the corn can press against a nerve. Corns on the feet are usually caused by ill-fitting shoes and can grow into unsightly, hardened patches that become a nuisance.
Corns and calluses symptoms
- A raised bump with hardened skin
- Thick skin with a rough touch
- Skin that is flaky and dry or flaky and waxy
- Pain or tenderness under the skin
What are the common calluses treatments?
Most effective calluses treatments include:
- Pumice stones and foot soaks are great ways to treat minor calluses and preemptively stop them from occurring. There are also over the counter callus removers can be used, however, most people find them tricky to apply and painful to use, and are not able to use them effectively. In our offices, we can help you with a custom treatment to ensure maximum effectiveness.
- For severe cases, a steroid injection into the callus may be recommended for immediate pain relief. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the callus from the foot.
To prevent calluses, wear well-fit shoes and consider orthotics. Thick socks, especially ones with thicker heels, can greatly reduce the chances of callus development.